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初中英语反意疑问句规则 陈雪莲
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反意疑问句对应规则二十四条
反意疑问句是英语四大问句之一,它是由一个陈述句加上一个短问句而构成的。反意疑问句的基本构成形式是:陈述句+动词(肯定或否定)+主语?如:
She often has lunchat school, doesn't she? You don'tlike sports, do you?
使用反意疑问句要注意以下若干对应规则:
一、反意疑问句中问句部分的动词与陈述部分的动词在语气上成相反的对应关系,即:
肯定+否定?否定+肯定?如:
You can't do it, canyou? They are very latefor the meeting, aren't they?
二、反意疑问句中问句部分的动词与陈述部分的动词种类要对应一致。如:
He has supper athome every day, doesn't he? (不能用hasn't he?
They have known thematter, haven't they? (不能用don't they?
三、反意疑问句中问句部分的动词在时态上应和陈述部分的时态一致。如:
They will go to townsoon, won't they?(不能用don't they? aren't they?
He works very hard,doesn't he?(不能用didn'the?won't he?
四、反意疑问句的陈述部分含有由un-, im-,in-, dis-, 等否定意义的前缀构成的词语时,陈述部分要视为肯定含义,问句部分用否定形式。如:
Your father isunhappy, isn't he?(不能用is he?
The man isdishonest, isn't he? (不能用is he?
It is impossible tolearn English without remembering more words, isn't it?(不能用is it ?
五、反意疑问句的陈述部分带有little,few, never, hardly, seldom等否定意义的词时,问句部分用肯定式。如:
She never tells alie, does she?(不用doesn'tshe?
He was seldom late,was he?(不用wasn'the?
六、反意疑问句的陈述部分为I am……时,问句部分习惯上用aren't I?表示。如:
I am a very honest man, aren't I?
七、反意疑问句的陈述部分为I(We)think(believe, suppose, consider) + that从句时,问句部分的动词及主语与that从句内的动词和主语保持一致。如:
I think that he hasdone his best, hasn't he?
We think thatEnglish is very useful, isn't it? (不用don't we?
八、反意疑问句的陈述部分为I(We)don't think(believe, suppose, consider)+ that从句时,从句为否定意义,问句部分的动词和主语仍与that从句保持一致且用肯定式。如:
I don't think thatyou can do it, can you? (不用do I?
We don't believethat the news is true, is it? (不用do we?
九、反意疑问句的陈述部分为非第一人称主语+think(believe, suppose, consider) + that从句时,问句部分的动词和主语与陈述部分的主句动词和主语保持一致。如:
They all think thatEnglish is very important, don't they? (不用isn't it?
He didn't think thatthe news was true, did he? (不用wasn't/ was it?
十、反意疑问句的陈述部分为主语+said(told, reported, asked……) + that从句时,问句部分的动词和主语与陈述部分的主句动词和主语保持一致。如:
They said that youhad finished your work, didn't they? (不用hadn't you
Kate told you thatshe would go there, didn't she? (不用wouldn't she?
十一、陈述部分的主语为不定代词something,anything, nothing, everything时,问句部分的主语用it。如:
Something is wrongwith the computer, isn't it?Nothinghas happened to them, has it?
十二、陈述部分的主语为不定代词somebody(someone),anybody(anyone), nobody(no one), everybody(everyone)时,问句部分的主语用he they,这时问句动词的数应和he they一致。如:
Someone has takenthe seat, hasn't he?Everyonehas done their best in the game, haven't they?
十三、陈述部分为Let me……时,问句部分习惯上用shall I? will you?形式。如:
Let me have a try, shall I?(will you?)
十四、陈述部分为Let us……时,问句部分习惯上用will you?形式。如:
Let us stop to rest, will you?
十五、陈述部分为Let's……时,问句部分习惯上用shall we?形式。如:
Let's go home together, shall we?
十六、陈述部分用上述情况以外的祈使句时,问句部分一般用will you?形式表示请求,用won't you?形式表示委婉请求或邀请。如:
Do sit down, won'tyou?/ will you? You feed the birdtoday, will you?
Please open thewindow, will you?(won't you?)
十七、陈述部分为否定祈使句时,问句部分一般用will you?形式。如:
Don't make any noise, will you?
十八、陈述部分为There(Here) + be + 主语时,问句部分用动词+there(here)?形式。如:
There are two cakeson the plate, aren't there? Here is astory about Mark Twain, isn't here?
十九、陈述部分用hadbetter +原形动词表示建议时,问句部分用hadn't +主语?形式。
You'd better tellhim about the matter, hadn't you?We hadbetter do it by ourselves, hadn't we?
二十、陈述部分用used to +主语时,问句部分用didn't + 主语?或usedn't +主语?形式。
He used to live inthe country, didn't he?/usedn't he?
They used to be goodfriends, didn't they?/usedn't they?
二十一、陈述部分用must(may,might) + have + V-ed表示推测时,若句中带有明显的过去时间的状语,问句部分动词用过去时形式。如:
He might haveforgotten his pen in the classroom yesterday, didn't he?
(不用mightn'the?/ hasn't he?
You must have got uplate this morning, didn't you?(不用mustn't you?/haven't you?
二十二、陈述部分用must(may,might) + have + V-ed表示推测时,若句中没有带明显的过去时间的状语,问句部分动词用现在完成时形式。如:
Everyone must haveknown the death of the waitress, haven't they? (不用mustn't they?
You must have workedthere a year ago, didn't you?(不用mustn't you?/ haven't you?
二十三、陈述部分的主语为从句时,问句部分的主语一般用it代替,如:
What he said istrue, isn't it? (不用didn't he?
Where we will buildthe dam has not been decided yet, has it? (不用won't we?
二十四、陈述部分的主语为动名词或不定式时,问句的主语用it代替。如:
To do one good deedis easy for a person, isn't it?Skatingis your favorite sport, isn't it?


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